Academic Publications

Prevalence and Consequences of Child Maltreatment in the Konongo Metropolis of the Ashanti Region- Ghana

Authors: William Owusu-Boateng; Esther Sakyiwa Mensah; Isaac Osei Owusu

Childhood experiences apparently affect the behaviour of the individual one way or the other. Hostile treatment during childhood may determine how the child may behave during his or her adulthood. With reference to investigating the prevalence and consequences of the maltreatment in Ghanaian cultural context, a non-experimental cross sectional design was employed to conduct in-depth quantitative study, integrating a simple random sampling method for sampling and data collection. It was found that all the respondents have been victims of child maltreatment. The trauma from victimisation adversely affects their behaviour. Majority of the victims suffer behaviour disorder, substance abuse, learning difficulty, anti-social behaviour, feeling of anxiety and alienation and difficulty in acquiring job. Religion was found to influence abuse; however abuse is less likely to happen between perpetrator and victims that share same religious denomination. Child abuse in Konongo was identified as more occurring between the ages of 13 and 15 but likely to record high rate at age 9. These findings were seen as culturally grounded and can therefore be theorised to explain future occurrences of child abuse in Konongo in general.

Key words: Child, Abuse; Maltreatment; Adult.

Student Spirituality and Academic Performance: A Case Study of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana

Authors: Owusu-Boateng William; Osei Owusu Isaac

There have been varied views about the role that spirituality plays in academic success. Some people either agree or disagree out rightly on the matter. Others are also of the view that the role that spirituality plays in academics is dependent on the level of the student’s involvement. These varied views are prevalent because there hasn’t been as much research on the link between spirituality and academic success as there has been in the link between spirituality and stress, psychology, coping mechanisms and stress. According to Cox (2011), “There is only limited research examining the potential link between spirituality and academic performance and even the research that exist seems to ask more questions than what it answers and is extremely inconsistent.” This research was a case study designed to find out the relationship the spirituality of students has with academic performance in the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. The population of the study was approximately 40,000. The convenience technique was used to sample 163 students. The views were sampled through a questionnaire. The questionnaire largely comprised of Likert-Type questions. An additional 16 Item Daily Spiritual Experience Scale (DSES) adopted from Cox (2011) was used to measure the spiritual levels of students. The study revealed that there was no significant relationship between student spirituality and academic performance. However, spirituality served as a source of inspiration to focus on studies and hard work. The study also showed that, students viewed spirituality in religious terms and tightly knitted spirituality to religion. A recommendation made from the study was that, students who had spiritual inclinations should not see their spirituality as a sure way to success. Students could also learn the virtue of focus and hard work in spirituality and apply it to their advantage in academics. Key words: Spirituality; Student; Academic performance.

The Internal Control Systems of GN Bank- Ghana

Authors: William Owusu-Boateng; Richard Amofa; Isaac Osei Owusu

GN Bank is one of the numerous universal banks in Ghana. A bank is considered a universal bank if it is licensed with a license ‘A’ by the Bank of Ghana. Some of the universal banks in Ghana are GCB Bank, HFC Bank, First Atlantic Bank, Cal Bank and others. A useful and well-organized internal control system is an essential element in managing a bank and a basis for banking institution’s operations to be secured. The main objective of this research was to identify the internal system of control used at GN Bank’s credit department. A census sampling technique was used by the researcher in getting a sample size of eighty five (85) who consisted primarily of managers and officers of GN Bank’s credit and risk departments in the south eastern zone through the administration of questionnaires. The data was analysed using the Scientific Package for Social Scientist (SPSS). The study found that there exists an internal system of control. GN Bank board of directors are ultimately responsible for ensuring that an adequate and effective system of internal controls are established and maintained. Together, both the board and senior management are responsible for promoting high ethical and integrity standards, and for establishing a culture within the organization. It was realised that GN Bank’s implementation of a strong internal control system was able to detect and prevent fraudulent acts and practices. Although respondents agreed to GN Bank providing adequate training for credit personnel on internal control procedures, some substantial disagreements were recorded for this particular question. It was recommended that the board of directors should have responsibility for approving and periodically reviewing the overall business strategies and significant policies of the bank; ensuring that senior management takes the steps necessary to identify, measure, monitor and control these risks; approving the organisational structure; and ensuring that senior management is monitoring the effectiveness of the internal control system.

Key words: Internal control systems; bank; fraud; department.

Assessing the Factors Contributing to Youth Violence at Aboabo Number One In Kumasi

Authors: William Owusu-Boateng; Janis Effa-Manu; Isaac Osei Owusu

This study sought to investigate the factors that contribute to youth violence in the Aboabo number 1 Community in Kumasi, Ghana. The study was conducted with a sample size of 192. The researcher adopted a convenient sampling technique for selecting the respondents. The study was descriptive as it attempted to accurately describe the characteristics of a particular phenomenon in relation to youth. Questionnaires were administered to the respondents. This tool helped the researcher to collect quantitative data for easy analysis. The study found that youth violence was not uncommon in the Aboabo Community. However, most of the youth in the area do not consider violence to be occurring every month. The study also found that respondents could not tell if youth violence was common during election years. The study also concluded that young people in the Aboabo community believe that most of them are likely to engage in violence in their youthful stage than adulthood. The study also discovered that major causes of youth violence in the Aboabo community were politics, lack of emotional control, peer pressure, drug addiction and community factors. Furthermore, the study concluded that youth violence leads to loss of life and property. The study recommends that there is the need for increased community policing, education on the effects of violence, and teaching on moral lessons to the youth. Other factors that could help reduce youth violence were the provision of jobs to engage the youth and enforcing law and order.

Key words: Youth; Violence; Community.

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